Overview

The RM024 RAMP module is based on Laird's LT2510 core technology, enhanced with a new RF front end for improved sleep, improved link budget and a switchable antenna output. With its field-proven FHSS air interface protocol, the RM024 rejects RF noise, excels in multipath scenarios, allows for co-located systems, and provides an extremely reliable communication link. It also provides a more robust, but simpler, link than ZigBee for RF applications that do not require a mesh topology.

Note: Some variants of the RM024 and related DVK and SDK variants have reached end of production and are available on a limited basis only. Please review the June 2019 End of Life Announcement.

  • RM024-S125-C-30  - Mass Production
  • RM024-P125-C-30- Mass Production
  • RM024-S10-C-30 – Mass Production
  • RM024-P10-C-30 - Mass Production
  • RM024-S125-M-30 – * June 2019 - Reference EOL notice
  • RM024-P125-M-30– * June 2019 - Reference EOL notice
  • RM024-S10-M-30– * June 2019 - Reference EOL notice
  • RM024-P10-M-30– * June 2019 - Reference EOL notice

Specifications

Wireless Specification
2.4 GHz FHSS
Chipset (Wireless)
TI CC2510
Antenna Options
u.FL connector
Antenna Type
External antenna through U.FL connector or dual antenna with integrated antenna and U.FL
Certifications
FCC, ISED, EU, UKCA, MIC, KC
Connector Type
SMD-ANT+U.FL, Pluggable-ANT+U.FL, SMD-U.FL, Pluggable-U.FL
Frequency
2400 – 2483.5 MHz
Logical Interfaces
SMT or Pluggable
Other
Hop Bin Spacing: 900 kHz over 79 hops 1500 kHz over 43 hopsRF Technology: Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum
Output Power
10 mW and 125 mW options
Protocols
FHSS Wireless Protocol
Receive Sensitivity
-95 dBm at 280 kbps RF rate; -94 dBm at 500 kbps RF rate
Security
Channelization, System ID, Vendor ID, and Extended System ID
Transmit Power (Max)
FCC: +5 to +21 dBm selectable, CE: +3.5 to +10 dBm
Weight
.353 oz (10 g)
Product Type Technology OS/Software System Architecture Chipset (Wireless) Antenna Type Logical Interfaces Frequency Range (Min) Frequency Range (Max) Antenna Options Channels Connector Data Rate Input Power Transmit Power (Max) Network Architecture Output Power Power Consumption (Rx) Power Consumption (Tx) Protocols Range Receive Sensitivity Security Software Wireless Specification
DVK-RM024-CE Development Kit Proprietary RF (2.4 GHz) Configuration and Test Software Hosted TI CC2510 External UART 2402 MHz 2483 MHz Multiple antennas 42 selectable channels Pluggable 280 kbps or 500 kbps selectable 2.3 - 3.6 V - 50 mV ripple +3.5 to +10 dBm server/client 10 mW 36 mA 40 mA FHSS Wireless Protocol Outdoor: 0.6 miles(1.0km). Indoor: 328 ft(100m) -95 dBm at 280 kbps RF Data Rate Channelization Laird Configuration Utility 2.4 GHz FHSS
Product Type Technology OS/Software System Architecture Chipset (Wireless) Antenna Type Logical Interfaces Frequency Range (Min) Frequency Range (Max) Antenna Options Channels Connector Data Rate Input Power Transmit Power (Max) Network Architecture Output Power Power Consumption (Rx) Power Consumption (Tx) Protocols Range Receive Sensitivity Security Software Wireless Specification
DVK-RM024-FCC Development Kit Proprietary RF (2.4 GHz) Configuration and Test Software Hosted TI CC2510 External UART 2402 MHz 2483 MHz Multiple antennas 42 or 78 selectable channels Pluggable 280 kbps or 500 kbps selectable 2.3 - 3.6 V - 50 mV ripple +5 to +21 dBm selectable server/client 125 mW 36 mA 136 mA FHSS Wireless Protocol Outdoor: 2.5 miles(4km). Indoor: 1300 ft(400m) -95 dBm at 280 kbps RF Data Rate Channelization Laird Configuration Utility 2.4 GHz FHSS
Product Type Technology OS/Software System Architecture Chipset (Wireless) Antenna Type Logical Interfaces Frequency Range (Min) Frequency Range (Max) Antenna Options Channels Compliance Connector Data Rate Dimension (Height - mm) Dimension (Length - mm) Dimension (Width - mm) Input Power Transmit Power (Max) Network Architecture Output Power Power Consumption (Rx) Power Consumption (Tx) Protocols Range Receive Sensitivity Security Software Wireless Specification
RM024-P10-M-30 Embedded Module Proprietary RF (2.4 GHz) Configuration and Test Software Hosted TI CC2510 External UART 2402 MHz 2483 MHz U.FL or Chip 42 selectable channels CE Pluggable 280 kbps or 500 kbps selectable 11.3 mm 39.6 mm 26.7 mm 2.3 - 3.6 V - 50 mV ripple +3.5 to +10 dBm server/client 10 mW 36 mA 40 mA FHSS Wireless Protocol Outdoor: 0.6 miles(1.0km). Indoor: 328 ft(100m) -95 dBm at 280 kbps RF Data Rate Channelization Laird Configuration Utility 2.4 GHz FHSS
Product Type Technology OS/Software System Architecture Chipset (Wireless) Antenna Type Logical Interfaces Frequency Range (Min) Frequency Range (Max) Antenna Options Channels Compliance Connector Data Rate Dimension (Height - mm) Dimension (Length - mm) Dimension (Width - mm) Input Power Transmit Power (Max) Network Architecture Output Power Power Consumption (Rx) Power Consumption (Tx) Protocols Range Receive Sensitivity Security Software Wireless Specification
RM024-P125-C-30 Embedded Module Proprietary RF (2.4 GHz) Configuration and Test Software Hosted TI CC2510 External UART 2402 MHz 2483 MHz U.FL Jack 42 or 78 selectable channels FCC/IC Pluggable 280 kbps or 500 kbps selectable 10.6 mm 33 mm 26.7 mm 2.3 - 3.6 V - 50 mV ripple +5 to +21 dBm selectable server/client 125 mW 36 mA 136 mA FHSS Wireless Protocol Outdoor: 2.5 miles(4km). Indoor: 1300 ft(400m) -95 dBm at 280 kbps RF Data Rate Channelization Laird Configuration Utility 2.4 GHz FHSS
Product Type Technology OS/Software System Architecture Chipset (Wireless) Antenna Type Logical Interfaces Frequency Range (Min) Frequency Range (Max) Antenna Options Channels Compliance Connector Data Rate Dimension (Height - mm) Dimension (Length - mm) Dimension (Width - mm) Input Power Transmit Power (Max) Network Architecture Output Power Power Consumption (Rx) Power Consumption (Tx) Protocols Range Receive Sensitivity Security Software Wireless Specification
RM024-P125-M-30 Embedded Module Proprietary RF (2.4 GHz) Configuration and Test Software Hosted TI CC2510 External UART 2402 MHz 2483 MHz U.FL or Chip 42 or 78 selectable channels FCC/IC Pluggable 280 kbps or 500 kbps selectable 11.3 mm 39.6 mm 26.7 mm 2.3 - 3.6 V - 50 mV ripple +5 to +21 dBm selectable server/client 125 mW 36 mA 136 mA FHSS Wireless Protocol Outdoor: 2.5 miles(4km). Indoor: 1300 ft(400m) -95 dBm at 280 kbps RF Data Rate Channelization Laird Configuration Utility 2.4 GHz FHSS
Product Type Technology OS/Software System Architecture Chipset (Wireless) Antenna Type Logical Interfaces Frequency Range (Min) Frequency Range (Max) Antenna Options Channels Compliance Connector Data Rate Dimension (Height - mm) Dimension (Length - mm) Dimension (Width - mm) Input Power Transmit Power (Max) Network Architecture Output Power Power Consumption (Rx) Power Consumption (Tx) Protocols Range Receive Sensitivity Security Software Wireless Specification
RM024-S10-C-30 Embedded Module Proprietary RF (2.4 GHz) Configuration and Test Software Hosted TI CC2510 External UART 2402 MHz 2483 MHz U.FL Jack 42 selectable channels CE SMT 280 kbps or 500 kbps selectable 3.6 mm 32.4 mm 25.4 mm 2.3 - 3.6 V - 50 mV ripple +3.5 to +10 dBm server/client 10 mW 36 mA 40 mA FHSS Wireless Protocol Outdoor: 0.6 miles(1.0km). Indoor: 328 ft(100m) -95 dBm at 280 kbps RF Data Rate Channelization Laird Configuration Utility 2.4 GHz FHSS
Product Type Technology OS/Software System Architecture Chipset (Wireless) Antenna Type Logical Interfaces Frequency Range (Min) Frequency Range (Max) Antenna Options Channels Compliance Connector Data Rate Dimension (Height - mm) Dimension (Length - mm) Dimension (Width - mm) Input Power Transmit Power (Max) Network Architecture Output Power Power Consumption (Rx) Power Consumption (Tx) Protocols Range Receive Sensitivity Security Software Wireless Specification
RM024-S10-M-30 Embedded Module Proprietary RF (2.4 GHz) Configuration and Test Software Hosted TI CC2510 External UART 2402 MHz 2483 MHz U.FL or Chip 42 selectable channels CE SMT 280 kbps or 500 kbps selectable 3.6 mm 39 mm 25.4 mm 2.3 - 3.6 V - 50 mV ripple +3.5 to +10 dBm server/client 10 mW 36 mA 40 mA FHSS Wireless Protocol Outdoor: 0.6 miles(1.0km). Indoor: 328 ft(100m) -95 dBm at 280 kbps RF Data Rate Channelization Laird Configuration Utility 2.4 GHz FHSS
Product Type Technology OS/Software System Architecture Chipset (Wireless) Antenna Type Logical Interfaces Frequency Range (Min) Frequency Range (Max) Antenna Options Compliance Connector Data Rate Dimension (Height - mm) Dimension (Length - mm) Dimension (Width - mm) Input Power Network Architecture Output Power Power Consumption (Rx) Power Consumption (Tx) Protocols Range Software Wireless Specification
RM024-S125-C-30 Embedded Module Proprietary RF (2.4 GHz) Configuration and Test Software Hosted TI CC2510 External UART 2402 MHz 2483 MHz U.FL Jack FCC/IC SMT 280 kbps or 500 kbps selectable 3.6 mm 32.4 mm 25.4 mm 2.3 - 3.6 V - 50 mV ripple server/client 125 mW 36 mA 136 mA FHSS Wireless Protocol Outdoor: 2.5 miles(4km). Indoor: 1300 ft(400m) Laird Configuration Utility 2.4 GHz FHSS
Product Type Technology OS/Software System Architecture Chipset (Wireless) Antenna Type Logical Interfaces Frequency Range (Min) Frequency Range (Max) Antenna Options Channels Compliance Connector Data Rate Dimension (Height - mm) Dimension (Length - mm) Dimension (Width - mm) Input Power Transmit Power (Max) Network Architecture Output Power Power Consumption (Rx) Power Consumption (Tx) Protocols Range Receive Sensitivity Security Software Wireless Specification
RM024-S125-M-30 Embedded Module Proprietary RF (2.4 GHz) Configuration and Test Software Hosted TI CC2510 External UART 2402 MHz 2483 MHz U.FL or Chip 42 or 78 selectable channels FCC/IC SMT 280 kbps or 500 kbps selectable 3.6 mm 39 mm 25.4 mm 2.3 - 3.6 V - 50 mV ripple +5 to +21 dBm selectable server/client 125 mW 36 mA 136 mA FHSS Wireless Protocol Outdoor: 2.5 miles(4km). Indoor: 1300 ft(400m) -95 dBm at 280 kbps RF Data Rate Channelization Laird Configuration Utility 2.4 GHz FHSS

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Documentation

Name Part Type Last Updated
Application Note - Cyclic Sleep Modes All Application Note 03/01/2019
PCN 9E-2021 - RM024 Series All Documentation 10/04/2021
AS/NZS Certifications - RM024 All Certification 11/20/2020
RM024 v2.9-0.zip All Software 01/17/2019
EOL - RAMP - Nov-15-2015 All Documentation 03/01/2019
KC Certifications - RM024 All Certification 12/15/2020
RM024-C-LIBRARY v1 0-0.zip All Software 01/17/2019
Laird Configuration and Test Utility Software - RAMP Modules All Documentation 09/14/2021
Application Note - Enabling the Security Pane in the RAMP Configuration Utility All Application Note 03/01/2019
NCC Certifications - RM024 All Certification 11/20/2020
RM024-Sxxx-C-xx.zip All Software 01/17/2019
User Guide - RM024 v3.6 All Documentation 02/14/2019
ISED Certifications - RM024 All Certification 12/15/2020
RM v2.3-0.zip All Software 01/17/2019
Datasheet - RM024 All Datasheet 02/21/2021
Application Note - RM024 Part Numbers and Firmware All Application Note 03/01/2019
EU Certifications - RM024 All Certification 01/07/2021
RM024 v2.5-0.zip All Software 01/17/2019
User Manual - RM024 DVK All Documentation 03/01/2019
Regulatory Information - RM024 All Certification 03/03/2022
EOL - RAMP - June-10-2019 All Documentation 02/10/2022
RM024 v3.1-0.zip All Software 03/01/2019
Application Note - Repeater Set-up All Application Note 03/01/2019
FCC Certifications - RM024 All Certification 12/15/2020
WirelessSerialDeviceDriverInstall.zip All Software 01/17/2019
RM024 Release Notes - version 3.1-0 All Documentation 06/04/2019
ISED ICES-003 Issue 7 Declaration of Compliance All Certification 05/18/2021
RoHS 3 - RAMP ISM Modules All Certification 09/23/2021
Release Notes - RM024 Firmware v2.9-0 and previous All Documentation 06/04/2019
RoHS 3 - Bluetooth All Certification 01/04/2022
MIC Certifications - RM024 All Certification 12/15/2020
Laird Configuration and Test Utility Software v6.07 All Software 04/07/2021
Product Brief - RM024 All Product Brief 10/13/2021

FAQ

Can I choose an RF Channel that is outside of Wi-Fi interference on the RAMP radios?

The RF Channel setting in our Laird RAMP modules and radios is not a true RF Channel or frequency of operation, it is actually just specifying a psuedo-random hopping sequence. The radios must, per the FCC, hop through every frequency in the band.
The RF Channel setting is only choosing a hopping pattern for navigating through all of the channels but each channel will be hopped to within a single pattern.

Can I get true full duplex operation from the RAMP products (RM024, AC4490, AC4790, LT1110, CL4490, CL4790)?

In the Laird RAMP line of products there is a feature called Full Duplex that leads one to believe they can talk upstream and downstream simultaneously. This is not the case, Full Duplex in the RAMP products gives a dedicated slot within the frame to the Server or Initiator and the second slot or next frame to the Client or Responder. 

I have TX API/RX API enabled on my RM024/AC4490/AC4790/CL4490/CL4790 and I'm seeing errors when I run the Range Test, why?

The API features in the RAMP radios allow for dynamically addressing packets (TX API), getting the sender's information when receiving a packet (RX API), and knowing when a packet was successfully transmitted (Send Data Complete). TX API and RX API both append a header to transmitted or received data while Send Data Complete is a separate message that gets sent to the transmitting radio's host when the packet that was transmitted is received successfully at the other end. The Laird Configuration and Test Utility Range Test does not account for these additional headers or packets when 'Create Data' is used in the 'Transmit Packet Selection' field. It will not append headers to the transmitted data so if TX API is enabled all packets for transmission will be tossed because of the lack of a header. It will not account for the additional header that is added to the received packet when RX API is enabled so all packets received will be received as "Data Error". It will not account for the extra packet sent to the transmitting radio's Host when Send Data Complete is enabled so anytime this message is sent it will be seen as a "Data Error".  In order to work with the API features on the RAMP radios you should use the scripting feature to write an API script and load it in the 'Transmit Packet Selection' field as 'Load File'.

More information about scripting can be found in Appendix 1 of the Laird Configuration and Test Utility Software - RAMP Modules.pdf

 

With Laird RAMP radios, (CL4490/AC4490, CL4790/AC4790, LT1110, RM024) can I implement a design using just TX, RX and Gnd (three-wire interface) for UART?

Yes it is acceptable to implement a UART design which only uses TX (Transmit), RX (Receive) and Gnd (Ground)  However, it is strongly recommended that your hardware monitor the CTS pin of the radio.  CTS is taken High by the radio when its interface buffer is getting full.  Your hardware should stop sending at this point to avoid a buffer overrun (and subsequent loss of data).

You can perform a successful design without monitoring CTS.  However, you need to take into account the amount of latency the radio adds to the system, any additional latency caused by Transmit Retries or Broadcast Attempts, how often you send data, non-delivery network timeouts and interface data rate.  Polled type networks, where the Server host requests data from the Client host and the Client host responds, are good candidates for avoiding the use of CTS.  This is because no one transceiver can monopolize the RF link.  Asynchronous type networks, where any radio can send to another radio at any point in time, are much more difficult to implement without the use of CTS.

Do any of the RAMP products support XON-XOFF?

Xon-Xoff is not supported on any of our RAMP products. Flow control (handshaking) uses hardware RTS and CTS.

What is Sync-to-Channel and do I need it?

We run frequency hopping protocol on our transceivers with a fixed pseudo-random hopping sequence. This protocol yields superior interference rejection and multipath immunity.  The Server radio sends timing beacons out on a regular interval.  The Clients hear these beacons and synchronize their frequency hopping to the Server.

Though Servers cannot send packets to each other, they can hear the timing beacons sent out by other Servers.  Normally, they simply ignore the beacons sent out by the other Servers.  However, when Sync-to-Channel is enabled, they will listen for the beacons sent out by another Server and then synchronize their hop timing to that Server.

Why is this important?  If two Servers (and their Clients) are operating in the same area and their frequency hopping is not synchronized to each other it’s possible that they might try to occupy the same frequency at the same time.  In severe cases, they could interfere with each other on every frequency, causing very sluggish communications.
 

Can the firmware be updated on the AC4490/CL4490 or AC4790/CL4790 in the field?

Unfortunately, no. The AC4490/CL4490 and AC4790/CL4790 can only be upgraded using a special tester (programming) device. However, radios should ship with the most current (stable) version, as there have not been any updates to the firmware for many years.

Other variations in firmware, indicated by the -01, -02, -03 included in the part number are regionally significant, and must be purchased with the correct firmware version for the region the radio will be deployed. The regional firmware versions cannot be interchanged on the radios. Please see FAQ: What is difference between AC4490/AC4790 product part numbers that end with -01, -02, -03? for additional information on the regional variants.

Note: if the part number does not include a -xx then it is loaded with the FCC/IC (-01) firmware.

Should I used Broadcast mode or Addressed Mode?

<body>

    <p><strong>Broadcast Mode</strong> causes a radio to transmit to all radios on the same network in that coverage area. Broadcast mode can be configured on all devices in a network for a simple deployment.

        It is typically configured on a server or device acting as the server/master in point-to-multipoint applications to enable the server to transmit its data to all devices on the network.

    </p>

    <p>In Broadcast Mode, the radio uses Broadcast Attempts to increase the odds of successful delivery.

        Broadcast mode does not send an RF Acknowledgement from the receiver on successful receipt of the packet, because there are multiple radios listening to the transmission.  

        Therefore, the transmitter will send every packet out the number of times specified by the Broadcast Attempts setting.

    </p>  

    <p><strong>Addressed Mode</strong> causes a radio to transmit to a specific radio on the network using the radio MAC Address to determine the receiving radio.

        The MAC Address of the intended receiver is configured as the Destination Address.  

        In point-to-point applications typically the server and the client are direct addressed to each other while in point-to-multipoint applications the clients are typically direct addressed to the server.

        When working with the masterless protocol of the AC4790/CL4790 the peers can be direct addressed to each other for point-to-point,

        or for point-to-multipoint, the ones acting as clients/slaves would be direct addressed to the one acting as the server/master.

    </p>  

    <p>In Addressed Mode, the radio uses Transmit Retries to increase the odds of successful delivery. With Addressed Mode the receiver will send a RF Acknowledgement upon successful receipt of the packet.  

        Therefore, the transmitter will only use as many retries as are required to successfully deliver the packet.

    </p>

    <p>Broadcast Mode is simple to deploy and is, therefore, very attractive to many designers.  

        However, Broadcast Mode introduces much more RF latency to a system than Addressed Mode due to the fact that there is no RF Acknowledgement.  

        Many systems will use both methods.  For instance, in a network comprised of an access point and several clients/slaves to that access point,

        the access point radio will be programmed in Broadcast Mode and the client/slave radios will be programmed into Addressed Mode.

    </p>

</body>

Which Antennas can be used with the CL4490, CL4790, AC4490, AC4790, RM024, or LT1110?

Please reference the Approved Antennas list in the Datasheet (Hardware Integration Guide) for the specified ConnexLink Unit, or module.

As noted in the Datasheet, you may use different antenna manufacturers than those listed as long as the antenna is of like type, and equal or lesser gain with similar characteristics to one of the ones listed.

 

I am not achieving the range documented in your manual, why not?

The range documented in our manual is the "theoretical" range, based on what is documented for the radio's chipset as achievable. The actual range is impacted by many factors, including but not limited to:

To improve the range in your intended application we recommend the following:

  • Direct address the radios for point-to-point applications. For point-to-multipoint applications, the server (or unit acting as a server in a masterless architecture) must be set to broadcast, but all clients should be set to auto-destination or direct addressed to the server
  • Increase the transmit retries (applicable only when the radios are direct addressed or using auto-destination. As range increases, latency will increase, increasing the number of transmit retries will increase the chances of the packet being received. With each increase, test to determine the best setting for the intended application
  • Where you are able, increase the height of the antenna placement, and ensure clear line of sight
  • On the RM024 or LT1110 radios FEC (Forward Error Correction) can be configured to improve the range. This MUST be configured the same on ALL radios in the system. There are four configurations to choose from, taking into account the impact on throughput when configuring this feature. FEC is enabled by selecting one of the RF Profiles (ONLY available on RM024 and LT1110)
  • Selecting a higher RF Baud Rate will provide increased RF bandwidth. However, selecting the lower RF Baud Rate will provide significantly improved range. Selecting fewer hops provides a shorter sync time, whereas more hops will provide better interference and collocated system immunity.

What is the default UART baud rate for RAMP modules?

The default baud rate for RAMP modules is as follows:

RM024: 115200 baud
LT1110: 115200 baud
AC4790: 57600 baud
AC4490: 57600 baud

How do I return my ConnexLink Radio, AC4490/AC4790, RM024, LT1110 radio to its default settings, can I use Show Defaults?

As per section 3.10 of the Laird Configuration and Utility User Guide, [Show Defaults] settings should ONLY be used as a reference and should NEVER be written to the radio.

 

!!!!WARNING!!!!

 

 

Writing the "show defaults" settings to a radio can result in the unit entering an unrecoverable state (bricked). If the radio enters this state a new radio must be purchased, it can not be repaired. After viewing the default settings using this feature, you should ALWAYS read the current settings using [Read Radio] prior to writing any changes to the radio with [Write Radio].

To restore the radio to its default state you will need to load an EEPROM file, containing the default settings, to the Laird Configuration and Test Utility software using [Load File] and then write these settings to the radio using [Write Radio]. It is recommended to save a copy of the default configurations to a file prior to altering the settings using [Save to File] feature in the Laird Configuration and Test Utility. If you do not have a file with the default settings saved please contact us via our Support Portal and we will provide you with a file containing the default settings for your specific radio.

I am able to test with the Development Kit hardware or ConnexLink Unit connected to my PC, but it does not work in my actual application, why not?

There are a number of issues that can prevent the RAMP development kit hardware or ConnexLink unit from functioning in your application. Here are a few:

  • Null Modem Adapter/Cable: The Laird RAMP radios are DCE (Data Communications Equipment) devices. Typically, devices like PCs are considered DTE (Data Terminal Equipment) devices. Peripheral devices are classified as DCE. A DCE device can interface to a DTE device using a straight-through serial cable, such as the cable which ships with the development kits and ConnexLink units. When interfacing between two DCE (or two DTE) devices together, a null modem (or crossover) cable (or adapter) is required to swap pins and convert the signals accordingly. Therefore, if your end device hardware is a DCE (Data Communications Equipment) device, a null modem adapter or cable is required between your end device and the development kit or ConnexLink unit. The null modem adapter crisscrosses the TXD pin with the RXD pin, the CTS pin with the RTS pin and the DTR pin with the DCD/DSR pins. Null modem cables/adapters are available at most computer equipment retailers.
  • System Packet Timeout: In applications that were originally designed without the intention of using wireless devices, typically the packet timeouts are very short (microseconds). Because of the system latency introduced by the wireless system, packets generally take several milliseconds to deliver (longer depending on the number of retries required). A system with a microsecond timeout will time out on every packet. Oftentimes, the timeout parameter in the software is adjustable and can be increased to account for the radio latency.
  • Interface Baud Rate/Parity: The radio must be programmed to the same interface baud rate that your equipment is using. In addition to this, the radio must be programmed to the same data format that your equipment is using. The radio is programmed to use 8-N-1 data format (8 data bits, No parity, 1 stop bit). The radio supports a number of other formats including parity. See the User’s Manual for more details.
  • Handshaking Pins: A number of applications use the extra handshaking pins available on the DB-9 connector (such as DTR, DSR, DCD and RI) to signal start, stop and special-case events. The radio can support these pin functions when Modem Mode is enabled in EEPROM. However, sometimes a special cable might be required to get the development kit pins to the right pins on your equipment.

 

What does the “Disable Drivers” header on the RM024 DVK do and what is it used for?

The Disable Drivers jumper pins disable the RS232 drivers by creating a buffer between the RS232 and the radio. This will then allow you to pipe your own signals into the radio. If you do not disable the drivers, then you would have outputs from the buffer as well as your device. Therefore, both outputs would be trying to drive the same signal.

Are your RAMP radios (AC4490/CL4490, AC4790/CL4790, RM024, LT1110) UL Certified for applications in C1D2 Environments?

While the some of our RAMP radios have been used in C1D2 environments, they are not certified for this. Extra certifications are required which are on the customer to get. However, we will supply the additional information necessary to obtain certification such as capacitance and inductance totals and BOMs as required. This information is only provided under NDA. To request the additional information required for such certifications please open a support ticket via our Support Portal.

How do I return my ConnexLink Radio, AC4490/AC4790, RM024, LT1110 radio to its default settings?

In order to return the radio to its default EEPROM settings it is necessary to load a previously saved file containing the default settings to the Configuration Utility and write the changes to the radio. If you did not save the default settings to a file, prior to changing the settings, please contact Laird Support through the Support Portal to request a file with the default settings for the purpose of restoring the radio to its default configuration.

The "Show Default" settings view in the Laird Configuration and Test Utility should NEVER be written to the radio, as these are for reference ONLY. Writing these to the radio can result in corrupting the radio to a point where it can become unrecoverable. After viewing the "Show Default" settings, the radio settings should always be READ again, prior to writing any changes to the radio, to prevent this from occurring.

How many volts does the RM024 need in order to operate?

3.6 volts

I am not getting the expected range from a U.FL-only RM024. Why?

Product ID’s containing an “M” (RM024-S125-M-01, RM024-P125-M-01, RM024-S50-M-01, and RM024-P50-M-01) have both chip and U.FL antennas on board. However, products containing a C (RM024-S125-C-01, RM024-P125-C-01, RM024-S50-C-01 and RM024-P50-C-01) only have the U.FL on board. When you select chip antenna on a C product, there is no RF link. This feature does not work in FW v1.3-0 on 50 mW radios (RM024-x50-C-01). Antenna Switch (EEPROM 0xC1, bit 5) selects either integrated chip antenna or U.FL connector for external antenna.

Note: On RM024 –C units with no integrated antenna, the RF switch is still active and it is possible, though not advised, to switch to the integrated antenna option even though there is no antenna connected. RF performance in this configuration would be degraded. See Antenna Select Override in the RM024 User Guide for additional options.

On the RAMP radios, what is the difference between "Broadcast Attempts" and "Max Transmission Retires"?

When the radios are Direct addressed to each other, meaning the MAC Address of the paired receiver radio is configured in the Destination Field, they are in what is known as Addressed Acknowledge Mode. When in this mode, the RF packet is sent out to the receiver designated by its Destination Address. Max Transmit Retries is used to increase the odds of successful delivery to the intended receiver. Transparent to the OEM (Other Equipment Manufacturer) Host - your device, the transmitter will send the RF packet to the intended receiver. If the receiver receives the packet free of errors, it will send the transmitter an acknowledgement. If the transmitter does not receive this acknowledge, it will assume the packet was never received and retry the packet. This will continue until the packet is successfully received or the transmitter exhausts all of its retries. The received packet will only be sent to the OEM Host if and when it is received free of errors. 

When the radio is configured in Broadcast mode, by enabling Broadcast in the Radio Features section, the radio is in Broadcast Acknowledge Mode. While in this mode, the RF packet is broadcast out to all eligible receivers on the network. Broadcast Attempts is used to increase the odds of successful delivery to the intended receivers. Transparent to the OEM Host, the transmitter will send the RF packet to the receivers. If a receiver detects a packet error, it will throw out the packet. This will continue until the transmitter exhausts all of its attempts. Once the receiver successfully receives the packet it will send the packet to the OEM Host. It will throw out any duplicates caused by further Broadcast Attempts. The received packet will only be sent to the OEM Host if it is received free of errors.

Why is my RM024 client module pulling an average of 35-40mA when the server is not powered on but drops to around 10mA when I turn the server on?

The RM024 client sits in a receive mode when not synchronized to a server that matches its system ID and RF channel. This can happen when a server is either not powered on or out-of-range of the client. This "unsynchronized" receive mode will pull an average of 35-40mA depending on other settings within the client radio. In this mode, the client radio's receiver circuitry is constantly ON and the radio performs a "slow hop" scan of all frequency bins within its pseudo-random hop sequence (determined by RF channel); this is done while the radio waits for a server beacon to synchronize with that matches its system ID and RF channel settings. After the RM024 client synchronizes to a server, the average current will drop to 10mA because the client can enter idle mode when the radio is not active (RF_RX or RF_TX). When synchronized the client and server have the same hop frame timing and setup so the client knows when to enter receive mode to retrieve the beacon from the server and when to enter receive mode to look for data in each data slot.