Sentrius RM1xx LoRa + BLE Module

Recommended for New Design (RND)

Overview

NEW: Upgrade firmware from your host microcontroller!

The Sentrius™ RM1xx series of modules offer a powerful, convenient solution for long-range Enterprise IoT (EIoT) deployments. Laird Connectivity innovatively combines Bluetooth® v4.1 with LoRaWAN™, the emerging standard in Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWAN) into one module. RM1xx modules aggregate and transmit data from Bluetooth® Smart (BLE) devices and sensors over LoRaWAN to gateways as far as 15 km (~10 miles) away. This bridges the personal area network to the wide area network in a unique way. The Sentrius RM1xx will be LoRa® Alliance certified and fully interoperable with any LoRaWAN™-adherent gateway.

  • Designed for the EIoT – Innovative combination of BT™ v4.1 and LoRa® makes the RM1xx the bridge between Bluetooth Smart devices and a network that intelligently uses their data.
  • Ultra-low power usage schemes – Allows years of use on a single battery.
  • Laird Connectivity’s unique smartBASIC language – Makes it extremely easy to create event-driven, hostless applications.
  • Upgradable firmware – Prepare for the future with access to feature and security updates.
  • Compliant with FCC, CE regulations – Available as the RM186 (CE) or RM191 (FCC).
  • Download the NEW UwTerminalX as well as the two companion applications: MultiDeviceLoader and TermNotify

 

Specifications

Antenna Options
Dipole antenna with U.FL (IPEX) connector up to 2 dBi
Wireless Specification
LoRaWAN 1.01 (End Device) and Bluetooth 4.1
Chipset (Wireless)
Semtech SX1272 (LoRa), Nordic nRF51822 (Bluetooth)
Bluetooth Version
V4.1 – Central OR Peripheral Mode
Compliance
FCC, IC, CE, NCC, ASNZS
Interfaces
Bluetooth v4.1 (BLE Central or Peripheral), physical UART, SPI, I2C, GPIO, or ADC.
Max Transmit Power
BLE: 3 dBm (into -1.5 dBi chip antenna)
Protocols
Any that can be implemented using the onboard smartBASIC
Transmit Power
Wireless: 1.5 dBm - 13.5 dBm, Bluetooth: -20 dBm (in four dB steps) with smartBASIC command - 3 dBm (into -1.5 dBi chip antenna)
Antenna Options Bluetooth Version Chipset Output Power Connector Type Data Rate Development Kit Contents Receive Sensitivity Input Power LoRa Version Class Max Transmit Power Power Consumption (Rx) Power Consumption (Tx) Protocols Range Wireless Specification Frequency Frequency Range (Max) Frequency Range (Min)
DVK-RM186-SM-01 Dipole Antenna 4 LoRa: Semtech Sx1272. BLE: Nordic Semiconductor nRF51822 2mW and 25mW USB Pluggable LoRa: 250 bps - 50 kbps. BLE: 1 Mbps. Development Kit DVK-RM186 and Free Software Tools LoRa: -134 dBm. BLE: -91 dBm. 2.1V - 3.5V Internal DCDC converter. 1.8V - 2.1V Internal LDO. LoRaWAN 1.01 (End Device) +13.5 dBm 12.7 mA 31.4 mA LoRa Class A and Bluetooth Low Energy LoRa: Up to 15 km. BLE: Up to 100 m. LoRa MAC Class A Specification LoRa: 863 - 870 MHz. BLE: 2.402 - 2.480 GHz 870 MHz 863 MHz
Antenna Options Bluetooth Version Chipset Output Power Connector Type Data Rate Development Kit Contents Receive Sensitivity Input Power LoRa Version Class Max Transmit Power Power Consumption (Rx) Power Consumption (Tx) Protocols Range Wireless Specification Frequency Frequency Range (Max) Frequency Range (Min)
DVK-RM191-SM-01 Dipole Antenna 4 LoRa: Semtech Sx1272. BLE: Nordic Semiconductor nRF51822 2mW and 32mW USB Pluggable LoRa: 980 bps - 21.9 kbps. BLE: 1 Mbps. Development Kit DVK-RM191 and Free Software Tools LoRa: -126 dBm. BLE: -91 dBm. 2.1V - 3.5V Internal DCDC converter. 1.8V - 2.1V Internal LDO. LoRaWAN 1.01 (End Device) +15.5 dBm 15.3 mA 45.7 mA LoRa Class A and Bluetooth Low Energy LoRa: Up to 15 km. BLE: Up to 100 m. LoRa MAC Class A Specification LoRa: 902 - 928 MHz. BLE: 2.402 - 2.480 GHz 928 MHz 902 MHz
Data Rate Development Kit Contents Dimension (Height - mm) Dimension (Length - mm) Dimension (Width - mm) Receive Sensitivity Compliance Weight Max Transmit Power Power Consumption (Rx) Power Consumption (Tx) Frequency Frequency Range (Max) Frequency Range (Min)
RM186-SM LoRa: 250 bps – 50 kbps, BLE: 1 Mbps Development Kit DVK-RM186 and Free Software Tools 3.1 mm 25.4 mm 25.4 mm LoRa: -134 dBm. BLE: -91 dBm typical CE 3 grams 13.5 dBm 12.7 mA 31.4 mA LoRa: 865 - 870 MHz. BLE: 2.402 - 2.480 GHz 870 MHz 865 MHz
Max Transmit Power Connector Type Data Rate Development Kit Contents Dimension (Height - mm) Dimension (Length - mm) Dimension (Width - mm) Receive Sensitivity Compliance Weight Power Consumption (Rx) Power Consumption (Tx) Frequency Frequency Range (Max) Frequency Range (Min)
RM191-SM 15.5 dBm SMT LoRa: 980 bps – 21.9kbps, BLE: 1 Mbps Development Kit DVK-RM1xx and Free Software Tools 3.1 mm 25.4 mm 25.4 mm LoRa: -126 dBm, BLE: -91 dBm typical FCC/IC 3 grams 15.3 mA 45.7 mA LoRa: 902-928MHz. BLE: 2.402 - 2.480 GHz 928 MHz 902 MHz

Documentation

Name Part Type Last Updated
Using BLE and LoRa - RM1xx Series All Application Note 02-28-19
Using an LCD Keypad Shield - RM1xx Series All Application Note 02-28-19
Getting Started with Sample Applications - RM1xx Series All Application Note 02-28-19
Loading and Running Applications with UwTerminalX - RM1xx Series All Application Note 02-28-19
Connecting to a Multitech Conduit Gateway - RM1xx Series All Application Note 02-28-19
UwTerminalX Quick Reference Guide All Application Note 02-28-19
Debug Features - RM1xx All Application Note 02-28-19
LoRaWAN Keys and IDs Overview All Application Note 02-28-19
LoRaWAN Range Testing All Application Note 02-28-19
Upgrading Firmware from your Host Microcontroller All Application Note 02-28-19
Interfacing with LoRaWAN - RM191 v1.2 All Application Note 02-28-19
Using DVK-RM1xx with Laird RG1xx Sentrius Gateway and TTN All Application Note 02-28-19
Key Differences with v4.4.0 Stack – Affects Laird RM191 FW Versions 101.x.x.x and 102.x.x.x All Application Note 02-28-19
Integrating Cayenne on TTN - RM1xx v1.1 All Application Note 02-28-19
Upgrading Firmware via UART - RM1xx Series All Application Note 02-28-19
Interfacing with LoRaWAN - RM186 v1.3 All Application Note 02-28-19
Application Note - Updating Firmware and Programming RM1xx Modules with the QPK-NRF5x-01 All Application Note 02-28-19
PCB Notch Antenna Reference Design - RM1xx - v1 0 All Application Note 02-28-19
LoRaWAN Certification Test Report - RM1xx All Certification 02-28-19
Bluetooth SIG Certificate - RM1xx All Certification 02-28-19
EU Declaration of Conformity - RM186 All Certification 02-28-19
Radio Equipment Directive (RED) Updates - May 2017 All Certification 03-01-19
User Guide - RM1xx Development Kit All Documentation 02-28-19
RM1xx Dipole Antenna Datasheet All Documentation 02-28-19
Release Notes - RM1xx v4.1.0 All Documentation 02-28-19
Release Notes - RM1xx PE v18-17-1-0 and v17-17-1-0 All Documentation 02-28-19
Release Notes - RM1xx Central v17 4 1 0 and 18 4 1 0 All Documentation 02-28-19
Product Brief - RM1xx Series All Documentation 03-07-19
Overview - Understanding LoRa All Documentation 02-28-19
RM1xx BLE Central smartBASIC Extensions Guide v1.1 All Documentation 02-28-19
RM1xx BLE Peripheral smartBASIC Extensions Guide v1.1 All Documentation 02-28-19
Release Notes - Peripheral RM186 EU v110.6.1.0 - RM191 US v111.6.1.0 - RM191 AU v112.6.1.0 - RM191 AS v113.6.1.0 All Documentation 02-28-19
Release Notes - Central RM186 EU v100.6.1.0 - RM191 US v101.6.1.0 - RM191 AU 102.6.1.0 - RM191 AS v103.6.1.0 All Documentation 02-28-19
Datasheet - RM1xx Series All Datasheet 09-20-19
RM1xx LoRa smartBASIC Extensions Guide v1.3 All Documentation 02-28-19
smartBASIC Core Functionality Guide v3.2 All Documentation 02-14-19
RM191 CE US 101.6.1.0-r1.zip All Software 01-17-19
RM191 PE US 111.6.1.0-r1.zip All Software 01-17-19
3D Models - RM1xx.zip All Software 01-17-19
DVK-RM1xx Schematic-V1 All Software 02-28-19
Release Notes-RM186 Peripheral EUv110.6.1.0-RM191 Peripheral USv111.6.1.0-RM191 PE AUv112.6.1.0-RM191 PE ASv113.6.1.0 All Software 02-28-19
Release Notes - Central RM186 EU v100.6.1.0 - RM191 US v101.6.1.0 - RM191 AU 102.6.1.0 - RM191 AS v103.6.1.0 All Software 02-28-19
RM186 CE EU 100.6.1.0-r1.zip All Software 01-17-19
RM186 PE EU 110.6.1.0-r1.zip All Software 01-17-19
RM191 CE AS 103.6.1.0-r1 ENGINEERING.zip All Software 01-17-19
RM191 CE AU 102.6.1.0-r1 ENGINEERING.zip All Software 01-17-19
RM191 PE AS 113.6.1.0-r1 ENGINEERING.zip All Software 01-17-19
RM191 PE AU 112.6.1.0-r1 ENGINEERING.zip All Software 01-17-19
EN Certifications - RM191 and RM186 All Certification 07-22-19
FCC and IC Certifications - RM191 All Certification 07-22-19
AS-NZS Certifications - RM191 All Certification 09-20-19
NCC Certifications - RM191 All Certification 09-20-19

FAQ

Can I replace smartbasic in the RM1xx with my own C application using the Nordic SDK?

Laird RM1xx modules are supplied with smartBASIC and have an integrated LoRaWAN stack.Programming the nRF51 directly would mean the loss of the Laird smartBasic engine, the integrated stack and the RM1xx LoRaWAN certification. Please contact support to discuss this further.

Can I run an RM1xx as both BLE Central and BLE Peripheral at the same time?

No, the RM1xx can be purchased with either BLE Central role or Peripheral role support but not both. The RM1xx is loaded with either the Nordic S110 peripheral only BLE soft device or the Nordic S120 central only BLE soft device. To support both peripheral and central on the same module we would need to use Nordic's S130 stack, which is not possible when using smart BASIC. Please contact support for more information. 

How do I buy an RM1xx module with Peripheral firmware?

The RM1xx module is currently only sold with Central role BLE firmware, as it was intended to allow the device to scan for peripheral BLE devices, such as BLE sensors, to enable it to collect the data from those devices and pass it via LoRa to the gateway. However, Peripheral firmware is available to be flashed to the module if this is what the application requires. Peripheral BLE cannot scan for devices, it can only send out advertisements, which can request to connect to central role BLE devices. To clarify, the differences between Central and Peripheral are related to establishing a link between the devices.

As we stated previously peripheral can advertise to let central role devices know they are there, only Central can scan or send a connection request to establish the connection. Some refer to the Central as the Master and the Peripheral as the Slave. With BLE a separate unrelated role to Central and Peripheral is that of the GATT Server and GATT Client. The GATT server is the device that contains the data which can be accessed and read by the GATT Client. Please note, there is no connection between the central/peripheral roles and the GATT Server/GATT client roles. While it is common for a Peripheral to be a  GATT Server and a Central to be a GATT Client , it is perfectly possible to have a Peripheral that is only a GATT Client, or a Central that is both a GATT Server and a  GATT Client. The RM1xx configured as a Central, can be both a GATT Client and a GATT Server., and it would have the ability to scan for IOT peripheral devices in the area advertising that they are there. The BLE role has no bearing on the LoRa connection. Either of roles, Central/Peripheral will be able to connect to a LoRaWAN Gateway.

With the above information in mind, if you still feel that the Peripheral firmware will best meet your application needs, than in order to upgrade the firmware on the DVK-RM1xx-SM-02 it would be necessary to purchase a device for flashing the firmware. We would recommend using our QPK-nRF5x programmer , which includes the J-Link ribbon cable , as it should offer the least expensive and easiest way to upgrade between the Central and Peripheral firmware in following the  Upgrading Firmware via JTAG and QPK-nRF5x (Required for Central to Peripheral) - RM1xx Series  Application Note. If however, you would prefer to use a Segger J-Link Probe or Flasher for flashing the Peripheral firmware feel free to contact support for a list of Segger devices which should work with the RM1xx. However, we do not provide additional support for upgrading with these devices outside of the documentation available on our website (Upgrading Firmware via JTAG (REQUIRED for Central to Peripheral) - RM1xx Series). Additional support for these probes/flashers would need to come directly from Segger.

How do I enable the Built-in VSP functionality on the Peripheral role DVK-RM1xx?

In order to enable the built-in VSP functionality on the DVK-RM1xx, SIO_28 must be tied to VCC. There is a jumper, J6, on the DVK-RM1xx board that brings out SIO_28 but it ties it to GND instead of VCC so some alterations must be made.  Using a red jumper cable, connect J6 pin 1 (SIO_28) to J11 pin 3, VCC_LORA, this enables VSP.  Now, select the nAutorun jumper, J12, depending on which VSP mode is needed: nAutorun (SIO_25) == GND (J12 pins 1-2) puts the module into VSP OTA mode which can be used to download smartBASIC scripts OTA to the module.  nAutorun (SIO_25) == VCC (J12 pins 2-3) puts the module into VSP Bridge mode which can be used as a serial cable replacement to transfer UART data.  Now, reset the DVK-RM1xx or power cycle it and it should begin advertising for a VSP connection. If you do not see the advertisements then remove jumpers J10 (DTR) and J5 (RTS) and reset or power cycle the DVK-RM1xx again.  If you are still having issues getting the board to advertise for a VSP connection, please contact support.

What kind of antenna options are available for the RM1xx module and how much do they cost?

What kind of antenna options are available for the RM1xx module and how much do they cost? Will a PCB traced Antenna work? Please reference the certified antenna list in the Datasheet (HIG) for the LoRa/BLE modules.

To get the most range out of the LoRa module it is recommended that an external dipole antenna is used rather than a PCB trace antenna. However, if range is not going to be an issue and none of the approved antennas will work for you application we do offer EMC testing/certification services and could certify any PCB trace antenna you would like through our in-house certifications lab for an additional service fee. As to the cost of the antenna options and/or EMC services, we ask that you contact support or your Regional Sales Representative for that information.